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Luke 19:28-44

The King of Glory

  • Matthew Dodd
  • March 25, 2018

This is the day the Christian Church remembers the Triumphal Entry of Jesus Christ into Jerusalem! But five days later Jesus was crucified. What happened? How could Jesus be warmly received as Israel’s King one moment and crucified less than a week later?

In Luke 19:28-44, we will discover why the Jews did not recognize the time of their visitation and learn some valuable lessons so that we do not make the same mistake.

  • Sermon Notes
  • Scripture

The King of Glory

Luke 19:28-44 

Introduction

1. Today is Palm Sunday! When I think of Palm Sunday, I think of these verses from Psalm 24…

Psalm 24:9-10, Lift up your heads, O gates, And lift them up, O ancient doors, That the King of glory may come in! Who is this King of glory? The Lord of hosts, He is the King of glory.

2. This is the day the Christian Church remembers the Triumphal Entry of Jesus Christ into Jerusalem!

3. But five days later Jesus was crucified.

4. What happened? How could Jesus be warmly received as Israel’s King one moment and crucified less than a week later?

5. Tonight, we are going to take a break in our study of the Gospel of Matthew and look at the recording of the Triumphal Entry from the perspective of Luke.

6. In Luke 19:28-44, we will discover why the Jews did not recognize the time of their visitation and learn some valuable lessons so that we do not make the same mistake.

Luke 19:28-44

Context

1. What was the climate like in Israel at the time of Triumphal Entry of Jesus into Jerusalem? Hostile!

2. After Jesus raised Lazarus from the dead, we’re told that while Jews believed in Him, some of them went to the Pharisees and told them what Jesus had done.

3. Did the chief priests and Pharisees rejoice at the news? Were they ready to recognize Jesus as their long-awaited and hoped for Messiah? Not at all…

John 11:47-48, 57, Therefore the chief priests and the Pharisees convened a council, and were saying, “What are we doing? For this man is performing many signs. If we let Him go on like this, all men will believe in Him, and the Romans will come and take away both our place and our nation.” Now the chief priests and the Pharisees had given orders that if anyone knew where He was, he should report it, that they might seize Him.

4. They were so hostile towards Jesus that they even wanted to kill Lazarus “because on account of him many of the Jews were going away, and were believing in Jesus” (John 12:11). 

5. For a season, Jesus no longer “walked publicly among the Jews, but went away from there to the country near the wilderness… and there He stayed with the disciples” (John 11:54).

6. But when we come to Luke 19, it’s time for the Passover.

7. Jesus went on ahead of His disciples and ascended to Jerusalem because it was the appointed time! (28)

Transition – Throughout His life and earthly ministry, there were many signs offered which confirmed Jesus is Messiah. Now it was the appointed time to present more prophetic signs which further confirmed He is Messiah and which also revealed the character of the King of Glory! 

I. Behold Your King is Coming to You (29-35)

Zechariah 9:9, Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion! Shout in triumph, O daughter of Jerusalem! Behold, your king is coming to you; He is just and endowed with salvation, Humble, and mounted on a donkey, Even on a colt, the foal of a donkey.

A. He is just and endowed with salvation

1. Though Luke did not quote Zechariah 9:9, Matthew and John did, directly linking the manner in which Jesus entered Jerusalem to Zechariah’s prophecy. It was a sign that all Jews “should” have recognized!

2. How was Jesus “just” or “righteous”?

3. Jesus perfectly represented a holy God to fallen humanity through His life and ministry!

Hebrews 1:3, And He is the radiance of His glory and the exact representation of His nature

4. Jesus was righteous in word and deed. He overcame every temptation leveled against Him by Satan and was victorious!

Hebrews 4:15, For we do not have a high priest who cannot sympathize with our weaknesses, but One who has been tempted in all things as we are, yet without sin.

5. Jesus even gave His enemies a chance to point out His sin and look at their response…

John 8:46, 48, “Which one of you convicts Me of sin? If I speak truth, why do you not believe Me?” The Jews answered and said to Him, “Do we not say rightly that You are a Samaritan and have a demon?”

6. So, Jesus was righteous and just, a confirmation that He is qualified to be Israel’s Messiah, their King.

7. How was Jesus endowed with salvation? What kind of salvation was He offering?

a. The Jews equated salvation with deliverance from their enemy, Rome!

Luke 19:11, … because He was near Jerusalem… they supposed that the kingdom of God was going to appear immediately.

b. But God’s plan targeted an enemy far greater than Rome… the enemy of our souls; our sin!

Genesis 3:15, “And I will put enmity between you and the woman, And between your seed and her seed; He shall bruise you on the head, And you shall bruise him on the heel.”

c. The words of John the Baptist were a confirmation of God’s plan to defeat sin through Jesus!

John 1:29, The next day he saw Jesus coming to him, and said, “Behold, the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world!” 

Transition – So Jesus’ life and mission perfectly fulfilled the first part of Zechariah 9:9. Why is a donkey part of the sign? Because there is a message in the sign…

B. He is humble, mounted on a donkey

1. Prior to entering Jerusalem, Jesus stopped in Bethany, approximately two miles away from Jerusalem (John 11:18).

2. He directed two of His disciples to go into a nearby village and get a colt, on which no one had sat, and bring it to Him (30-31).

a. Matthew and John specify that the colt was donkey. The colt’s mother was brought along to comfort the foal because it had never carried a rider (Matthew 21:2).

b.There was a custom called angaria whereby animals would be called into service for significant persons. For this reason, Jesus directed the disciples to respond to anyone who asked that the Lord has need of it (33-34).

c. The disciples found it just as He said (32).

3. The disciples brought the colt and its mother to Jesus. They placed their garments on the colt, like a saddle, and then placed Jesus on the colt.

APPL – Now, when I think of an animal that is fit for the Messiah to ride, I think of a great white stallion, with rippling muscles, a flowing mane, exuding authority and strength, not a donkey! But this too was a sign!!!

APPL – The first mention of Messiah being linked to a donkey’s colt was by Jacob before he died. He declared that Messiah would come from the tribe of Judah, his fourth son.

Genesis 49:8, 10-11, “Judah, your brothers shall praise you; Your hand shall be on the neck of your enemies; Your father’s sons shall bow down to you. The scepter shall not depart from Judah, Nor the ruler’s staff from between your feet, Until Shiloh comes, And to him shall be the obedience of the peoples. He ties his foal to the vine, and his donkey’s colt to the choice vine…”

APPL – When there was a threat to David’s son, Solomon, becoming Israel’s next king, David had Solomon ride the king’s mule; a sign that he was the rightful heir to the throne.

1 Kings 1:33-34, And the king said to them, “Take with you the servants of your lord, and have my son Solomon ride on my own mule, and bring him down to Gihon. And let Zadok the priest and Nathan the prophet anoint him there as king over Israel, and blow the trumpet and say, ‘Long live King Solomon!’”

APPL – What does the sign mean?

  • If Jesus rode a war horse, it would signify that He did not come in peace but was set to make war.
  • But He, the Messiah, is humble and identified with the humble and lowly.
  • He did not come to lord it over those He came to save like the Gentile leaders, nor load burdens on His people like the religious leaders of His day. He came to be their burden-bearer. 

Matthew 11:28-30, “Come to Me, all who are weary and heavy-laden, and I will give you rest. Take My yoke upon you, and learn from Me, for I am gentle and humble in heart; and YOU SHALL FIND REST FOR YOUR SOULS. For My yoke is easy, and My load is light.”

Transition – So now we know what Jesus was communicating; He is their Messiah, their King. The question is, what is the right response?

II. Let the King of Glory Come In (36-44)

A. The King of Glory offers peace

1. Jesus begins to climb the Mount of Olives with people spreading their garments on the road; creating sort of a “royal red carpet”, showing their allegiance and submission to Him ((36).

(Images of the Mount of Olives)

2. As He reaches the top of the Mount of OIives, the dynamic intensifies as the crowd begins to praise God for all the miracles they witnessed through Jesus (37).

ILLUS – Going up to Jerusalem for the first time!

3. It hits a crescendo when the crowd sings Psalm 118, a Psalm reserved for Messiah!

Blessed is the King who comes in the name of the Lord; Peace in heaven and glory in the highest!” (38)

APPL – This is the first time that Jesus permitted people to praise Him openly! The people are publicly declaring that He is the long-awaited Messiah, Israel’s King! But not all…

4. Some of the Pharisees in the crowd said to Him, “Teacher, rebuke Your disciples.” (39) 

This is an official rejection of Jesus by the religious leaders. They are declaring that Jesus is NOT Israel’s Messiah.

5. Jesus answered, “I tell you, if these become silent, the stones will cry out!” (40)

APPL – Jesus was declaring just how hard the heart of man can be. Creation recognizes the presence of its Creator and King, but man, in his stubbornness, is unwilling to do so!

6. Jesus wept over the city (41). This is not the watering of the eyes, with a few tears dropped. Jesus was wailing over the city of Jerusalem!

a. He came to offer peace to the “City of Peace”, for that’s what the name Jerusalem means!

b. Ironically and tragically, the leaders, who represented the city and the nation, rejected His peace offer!

c. Because of the hardness of their hearts, the reality of His offer was hidden from their eyes.

APPL – The truth is, if you want to have a hard heart, God will respect your wishes. But that does not mean that He delights in your decision!

Ezekiel 33:11, “Say to them, ‘As I live!’ declares the LORD God, ‘I take no pleasure in the death of the wicked, but rather that the wicked turn from his way and live. Turn back, turn back from your evil ways! Why then will you die, O house of Israel?’” 

Transition – The King of Glory not only offers peace…

B. The King of Glory offers freedom

1. It was for freedom that Jesus came!

a. To set us free from the penalty of our sin.

b. To set us free from the pain of a broken life.

c. To set us free from the pain of a fallen world.

2. But His offer was rejected, so Jerusalem would eventually feel the full weight of Rome’s wrath instead. (43-44)

a. This occurred in 70 AD.

b. Rome destroyed Jerusalem, and even destroyed the Temple, leaving no stone on another. (Pictures of the Temple stones)

3. Why? Because they did not recognize the time of their visitation! (44)

4. Through the prophet Daniel, God gave the timeline for the coming of Messiah into Jerusalem, down to the exact day! 173,880 days by the Babylonian calendar. Why? So that Israel may know and be ready!

Daniel 9:24-26, Seventy weeks have been decreed for your people and your holy city, to finish transgression, to make an end of sin, to make atonement for iniquity, to bring in everlasting righteousness, to seal up vision and prophecy and to anoint the most holy place. So you are to know and discern that from the issuing of a decree to restore and rebuild Jerusalem until Messiah the Prince there will be 7 weeks and 62 weeks; it will be built again, with plaza and moat even in times of distress. Then after the 62 weeks the Messiah will be cut off and have nothing, and the people of the prince who is to come will destroy the city and the sanctuary. 

APPL – Like the birth of Jesus, they should have known!

APPL – It’s important to see the different responses to Jesus. In many ways, it is similar to what we see today.

  • There were three groups of people represented in Luke 19.
  • There were believers, many from Galilee, who declared Jesus is the Messiah!
  • There were the religious leaders and those with them who rejected Jesus and wanted Him dead.
  • There were still others who never heard of Jesus and wanted to know more…

APPL – Where do you stand?

Conclusion

ILLUS – My wife is the best at finding great deals!

APPL – Here is Jesus’ offer to you and me. He died on the cross to pay the penalty of our sin so that we may have eternal life, peace with God, and all the freedom that comes with knowing Him. It is available to all, but terms and conditions do apply.

  • You must receive this offer, God’s way, by believing in your heart that Jesus is your Savior by confessing your sins, and asking Jesus to be Your Savior.
  • You must receive it before the deadline. When this life is over it’s too late!

Romans 6:23, For the wages of sin is death, but the free gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus our Lord.

Will you open up the gate of your heart and let the King of Glory come into your life?

 

Luke 19:28-44       NASB

28 After He had said these things, He was going on ahead, going up to Jerusalem. 29 When He approached Bethphage and Bethany, near the mount that is called Olivet, He sent two of the disciples, 30 saying, "Go into the village ahead of you; there, as you enter, you will find a colt tied on which no one yet has ever sat; untie it and bring it here. 31 If anyone asks you, 'Why are you untying it?' you shall say, 'The Lord has need of it.'" 32 So those who were sent went away and found it just as He had told them. 33 As they were untying the colt, its owners said to them, "Why are you untying the colt?" 34 They said, "The Lord has need of it."

35 They brought it to Jesus, and they threw their coats on the colt and put Jesus on it. 36 As He was going, they were spreading their coats on the road. 37 As soon as He was approaching, near the descent of the Mount of Olives, the whole crowd of the disciples began to praise God joyfully with a loud voice for all the miracles which they had seen,
 
38 shouting: "blessed is the king who comes in the name of the Lord; Peace in heaven and glory in the highest!"
 
39 Some of the Pharisees in the crowd said to Him, "Teacher, rebuke Your disciples." 40 But Jesus answered, "I tell you, if these become silent, the stones will cry out!" 41 When He approached Jerusalem, He saw the city and wept over it, 42 saying, "If you had known in this day, even you, the things which make for peace! But now they have been hidden from your eyes. 43 For the days will come upon you when your enemies will throw up a barricade against you, and surround you and hem you in on every side, 44 and they will level you to the ground and your children within you, and they will not leave in you one stone upon another, because you did not recognize the time of your visitation."  
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