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Exodus 12:1-13

The Blood of the Lamb

  • Rich Jones
  • Weekend Messages
  • December 02, 2018

Exodus 12 is prophetic. It looks forward to the coming of the Son of Man, Jesus, who was the fulfillment of the Passover. He is the Lamb of God and His blood is the blood that must be applied to anyone who believes God for freedom from condemnation and the gift of eternal life.

  • Sermon Notes
  • Scripture

The Blood of the Lamb

Exodus 12:1-13

Pharaoh continued to harden his heart throughout the contests between the gods of Egypt and Jehovah, the Great I Am. Pharaoh continued to ask Israel to compromise, but Moses and Aaron refused to compromise, and Pharaoh continued to harden his heart against God.

God had given the Egyptians many warnings and many opportunities to recognize the power and preeminence of God, but they would not be changed. Finally, a day of judgment was given, and the final plague was to be released in the land of Egypt — the death of the firstborn in every house in Egypt.

But God also gave a provision for them to be saved. If anyone would take the blood of a lamb and place it on the doorposts and lintel of their house, they would be saved from God’s judgment against Egypt. It would take faith to believe in God’s provision, but if they would believe and do as God instructed them to do, they would be saved, whether they were Hebrews or Egyptians.

This event would be remembered by the keeping of the Passover which God instructed them to keep each year at the first month of the Jewish year. Passover was kept so they could look back at God saving them from their slavery in Egypt.

But it’s also prophetic. It looks forward to the coming of the Son of Man, Jesus, who was the fulfillment of the Passover. He is the Lamb of God and His blood is the blood that must be applied to anyone who believes God for freedom from condemnation and the gift of eternal life.

I. The Lamb is God’s Provision

  • God had warned the Egyptians as well as the Hebrews that He was going to bring about a great plague, the death of the first born, but He made a provision so that anyone who listened to God would be saved.
  • They were to take a lamb and kill it and then apply the blood of the lamb to the doorposts and the lintel of the house.
  • The death of the lamb would be God’s provision so that the angel of death that would go throughout Egypt would “Pass over” their house but would visit every house and bring death to the firstborn if they did not apply the blood of a lamb as God instructed them to do. 

A.  Mark your calendar by this date

  • This was such a significant event in the history of Israel that they were to mark their calendars by it.
  • The first month of the Jewish year was the commemoration of Passover. The name, Nisan, was given to it later.
  • Later in Jewish history, however, the new year (called Rosh Hashanah), was celebrated at the beginning of the seventh month of the Jewish calendar.
  • There are many other interesting aspects of the Jewish calendar.They use lunar months and will occasionally add a 13th month (leap year) so that Nisan always comes in the spring after the barley harvest.
  • One of the greatest prophetic pictures from these verses, however, is that Jesus is the Lamb of God. 

1 Peter 1:18-19, “knowing that you were not redeemed with perishable things like silver or gold from your futile way of life inherited from your forefathers, but with precious blood, as of a lamb unblemished and spotless, the blood of Christ.”

  • The Jews, therefore, marked their calendar by the Passover which pointed to Jesus Christ.

App – I find it interesting that we also marked our calendar by Jesus Christ. BC – before Christ and “A.D.”from the Latin, anno domini, the year of our Lord. Political correctness, however, has now changed that to BCE and CE, or “common era.” The world doesn’t want to recognize the role of Jesus on their calendars.

  • But Jesus does mark our life. When someone accepts Jesus Christ as Lord and Savior they become ‘born again’ and that marks their life. It’s their spiritual birthday. 

Illus – I accepted Christ when I was eleven years old. I will never forget that day, it marks the beginning for me.

Illus – I love seeing videos of people who are color blind and then receive Chroma glasses. They can see color for the first time in their lives! That’s a great picture of the new life we have in Christ – He makes all things new!

Illus – At our Candlelight Services each year, we ask each person to put out their candle according to the number of years they have known the Lord.

  • In other words, this is no small event in our lives.It’s the central event by which all things are measured. 

B.  Have a relationship with the Lamb

  • The Hebrews were to select a lamb on the 10th day of the month and bring it into their homes.
  • In other words, they were to grow close to it, even though it was to be killed on the 14th day of the month.
  • Jesus entered Jerusalem on the 10th of Nisan and was killed on the 14th of Nisan.
  • When you bring an animal into your home, the family will grow close to it.
  • At one point in the raising of our children, we had something like 17 various animals living in our house. 

Illus – We once had some friends who raised two beef cattle for us, and so as to make sure the children didn’t grow too close to them, we name to them Barbeque and Beef.

Illus – When it came time to put down our dog, Cocoa, we felt like we were losing a member of our family.

  • When they brought the lamb into the house, the point was that the Lamb was to become meaningful to the family. “Why do we have a lamb in our house, Papa?” “Because God is going to bring judgment and this lamb will give his life to save us.”
  • This is a picture again of our relationship to Christ. 

App – The point is that God was motivated by His love for us and desires that we would have our hearts committed to Him as well.

Romans 5:8, But God demonstrates His own love toward us, in that while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us.

C.  The Lamb must be inspected

  • The scripture tells us that the Hebrews were to take an unblemished lamb into their homes.
  • In other words, someone must inspect the lamb to make sure that it is perfect in every way.
  • This is a picture of the sinless perfection of Jesus Christ. 

John 1:29, “The next day John the Baptist saw Jesus coming to him, and said, ‘Behold, the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world!’”

Hebrews 4:15, “For we do not have a high priest who cannot sympathize with our weaknesses, but One who has been tempted in all things as we are, yet without sin.”

  • The beautiful application of this is that it was the Lamb that was inspected and not the person bringing the Lamb.
  • This is the whole point of why we need a Savior. Our sins have separated us from God, and if God were to inspect our lives, we would be found spiritually bankrupt.
  • The Lamb died in our place, the perfect, sinless Lamb, Jesus Christ, who will stand before God as our advocate.

II.You Must Partake of the Lamb

  • We must pay special attention to understand these next verses because of its application to our own lives today.
  • By faith they applied the blood of the lamb, believing that the blood would save them.
  • In other words, it’s personal. You can’t watch someone else’s relationship to God and have them experience God for you. That’s like watching Jesus knock on the door across the street and then watch through the window as they have dinner together.



A.The blood must be applied

  • On the fourteenth day of that month, they were to kill the lamb and drain its blood into a basin that they were to set at the threshold of the door of their homes.
  • They were then to take a branch from a hyssop tree and sprinkle some of the lamb’s blood on the lentil and doorposts of the door.
  • Here again the picture is powerful because it speaks of the blood of Jesus Christ that was poured out on Calvary.
  • But it’s not enough that the blood of Christ was poured out, it must be applied to our lives.




Illus – What if someone didn’t agree with God’s provision and preferred his own provision? Could someone post a list of good works on the door posts of their house?Or a list of their contributions to charity?Could someone leave some money or jewelry on the doorposts?

  • The blood of Christ applied to our lives is God’s provision for our salvation. We must come to God on his terms.

1 Peter 1:18-19, “knowing that you were not redeemed with perishable things like silver or gold from your futile way of life inherited from your forefathers, but with precious blood, as of a lamb unblemished and spotless, the blood of Christ.”

  • There is an aspect of faith involved.For the Hebrews to do what God asked, they must have believed that God’s judgment was coming just as He said. But they would also have to believe that they would be saved by the blood applied to the doorposts of their houses.

Hebrews 11:28, “By faith he kept the Passover and the sprinkling of the blood, so that he who destroyed the first-born might not touch them.”

  • The blood must be applied by faith, not by feelings.There are many times when our feelings will let us down.

Illus – Do you always feel saved?When you’re driving down the freeway and someone cuts you off, you might not at that moment feel saved.

  • By applying the blood of the lamb to the doorposts of their house, they were then “passed over” by the angel of death.
  • This is in fact, how we are saved.Every person is under the condemnation of death, but when the blood of Christ is applied to someone’s life; then condemnation does not fall upon them. It “passes over” them and falls upon the Lamb who died in their place.


B. The Lamb must be consumed

  • The Hebrews were then to eat the lamb in its entirety, anything that was not eaten was to be burned with fire by morning.
  • They were not to eat the lamb raw or even boiled in water, but it was to be roasted with fire.
  • Here again is the picture of the condemnation of God falling upon Jesus Christ.Some have mistaken this to mean that the fires of hell fell upon Christ.While it is true that we are saved from the fires of hell because of what Christ is done in our behalf, it is God’s judgment that falls on Christ rather than upon us.
  • But here we see a picture that we also see in communion. Jesus said, “This is my body, given unto you; take and eat and remember me.”
  • We partake of the body of Jesus Christ and therefore we partake of His righteousness.
  • Here is that great exchange. He takes our sin upon Himself and we partake of His righteousness. We become united with Christ in our salvation.

2 Corinthians 5:21, He made Him who knew no sin to be sin on our behalf, that we might become the righteousness of God in Him.

Illus – If our sins were debts, our checking account is overdrawn to the point we are spiritual bankrupt. But God not only pays our debts, he adds to our account the unlimited righteousness of God.

  • Notice also that the lamb must be completely consumed. This speaks of our complete fervency in Christ.
  • When Christ says He would that we are either hot or cold, He prefers that we would be hot. He wants all of our hearts and so we must fully partake of all of God’s provision for us.
  • Some people believe they can take nibbles and tastes and then give God just a little of themselves, and then they wonder why they don’t experience the fullness of God’s power in their lives. 

It’s the picture of baptism, be buried and raised again to newness if life!! You can’t do that in parts, you must do it completely!



Exodus 12:1-13 New American Standard Bible (NASB)
The Passover Lamb
12 Now the Lord said to Moses and Aaron in the land of [a]Egypt, 2 “This month shall be the beginning of months for you; it is to be the first month of the year to you. 3 Speak to all the congregation of Israel, saying, ‘On the tenth of this month they are each one to take a [b]lamb for themselves, according to their fathers’ households, a [c]lamb for [d]each household. 4 Now if the household is too small for a [e]lamb, then he and his neighbor nearest to his house are to take one according to the [f]number of persons in them; according to [g]what each man should eat, you are to [h]divide the lamb. 5 Your [i]lamb shall be an unblemished male a year old; you may take it from the sheep or from the goats. 6 [j]You shall keep it until the fourteenth day of the same month, then the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel is to kill it [k]at twilight. 7 Moreover, they shall take some of the blood and put it on the two doorposts and on the lintel [l]of the houses in which they eat it. 8 They shall eat the flesh that same night, roasted with fire, and they shall eat it with unleavened bread [m]and bitter herbs. 9 Do not eat any of it raw or boiled at all with water, but rather roasted with fire, both its head and its legs along with its entrails. 10 And you shall not leave any of it over until morning, but whatever is left of it until morning, you shall burn with fire. 11 Now you shall eat it in this manner: with your loins girded, your sandals on your feet, and your staff in your hand; and you shall eat it in haste—it is the Lord’s Passover. 12 For I will go through the land of Egypt on that night, and will strike down all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and beast; and against all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgments—I am the Lord. 13 The blood shall be a sign for you on the houses where you [n]live; and when I see the blood I will pass over you, and no plague will befall you [o]to destroy you when I strike the land of Egypt.


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